Download e-book for kindle: A History of Chess: The Original 1913 Edition by H.J.R. Murray

By H.J.R. Murray

ISBN-10: 163220293X

ISBN-13: 9781632202932

An epic paintings that took greater than a decade to complete, A heritage of Chess, initially released in 1913, is a ancient project that shattered preconceptions concerning the online game upon booklet. Over a century later, Murray’s learn and conclusions, during which he argues that chess originated in India, are nonetheless broadly accredited via so much chess historians.
Undertaking this type of pioneering activity, the scope of which hasn't ever been tried ahead of or on account that, Murray taught himself to learn Arabic as a way to decipher ancient manuscripts at the video game and its beginnings. His examine unravels the background of the sport because it advanced from its Asiatic beginnings, during the function chess performed in Europe through the center a long time, and up until eventually the 19th century with the arriving of contemporary chess as we all know it.
A heritage of Chess comprises transcribed diagrams of significant video games, in addition to a number of the extra well-known ancient chess collectible figurines, resembling the Lewis chessmen. No unmarried paintings at the video game of chess has turn into just about touching Murray’s in breadth or importance.

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8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 a b c d e f g h A primera vista, parece que las blancas tienen buen juego. Pero un examen más detenido revela que no pueden explotar el punto débil de e6, mientras que sus propias debilidades (peones de ‘d5’ y ‘b2’) sí son explotables. fxe4). Aunque hay otros métodos para defender la posición, algunos de los cuales le ofrecen a las blancas posibilidades de ganar, Bondarevski buscó la seguridad del final. Comenzó con 15 b4 cxb4 16 ¥e3! £b8 17 ¦xb4! Esta maniobra forzó la liquidación de los peones del ala de dama, lo que casi siempre es bueno para la defensa, porque en muchas partidas las mejores posibilidades de tablas se logran a base de eliminar todos los peones del centro y flanco de dama...

Detengámonos en esta partida del Campeonato Soviético de 1963. Ígor Bondarevski – Viatcheslav Osnos. 1 d4 f5 2 ¤f3 ¤f6 3 c4 g6 4 ¤c3 ¥g7 5 £c2?! c5! 6 d5 ¤a6 7 a3?! d6 8 g3 ¤c7 9 ¥g2 ¦b8 10 0-0 b5! 11 cxb5 ¤xb5 12 ¤xb5 ¦xb5 13 ¤g5 0-0 14 ¦b1 £b6. 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 a b c d e f g h A primera vista, parece que las blancas tienen buen juego. Pero un examen más detenido revela que no pueden explotar el punto débil de e6, mientras que sus propias debilidades (peones de ‘d5’ y ‘b2’) sí son explotables. fxe4).

Bondarevski, sin embargo, jugó 21 fxg5 y después de 21 ... ¤e5-g6. En la posición resultante las negras quedarían mejor, debido a la fuerza del caballo en el punto fuerte de ‘e5’. , que originó un medio juego muy difícil después de 22 ... ¤xe5 23 £h5 hxg5 24 ¥xg5 f6 25 ¥h4 £g7 26 ¥g3 ¥g4 27 £h4 ¢f7! ¦h8), pero que rápidamente se decantó a favor de las negras. Estos ejemplos demuestran que hay métodos tácticos y mecánicos para desclavar piezas y aliviar así la presión. Las clavadas, por supuesto, no son el único tipo de presión que el defensor trata de aliviar, pero se encuentran entre los mecanismos más fáciles de entender.

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A History of Chess: The Original 1913 Edition by H.J.R. Murray


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