By William Z. Shetter
First variation This grammar arose from the necessity for a concise presentation of the necessities of the Dutch language that can be used either for self sufficient domestic learn and in teams or periods lower than formal guideline. With the previous objective in brain, the reasons were made as self-explanatory as attainable, and an entire key to the routines has been supplied in an appendix. within the curiosity of simplicity and straightforwardness of reference and overview, every one grammatical subject is mentioned as totally as conceivable in a single position, and an attempt has been made to incorporate just one significant grammatical function in anybody bankruptcy. yet considering a high-quality beginning can extra successfully be completed via examine below expert supervision or with a local speaker of the language, the presentation has additionally been made adapt in a position to this kind of research. The short fill-in routines in each one lesson supply a version for any volume of drill, and the dialogues and readings integrated at abnormal durations in addition to the assessment selec tions positioned after each few chapters supplies the required additional perform in supervised guideline. support should still at least be sought with the pronunciation, the vital stumbling-block within the means of both self reliant or supervised learn.
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Additional info for A Practical Grammar Introduction to Dutch
8. 9. 10. 11 . 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. Die eieren ziin klein . De man is in het huis. De melk is in de fles, en de fles melk is in de keuken . Dit huis heeft twee ramen en twee deuren . De lucifers ziin in de doos op de tafe!. Hier is een doos lucifers. Deze stad is groot, maar die is klein . Viif glazen en vii' kopies ziin schoon. Die man heeft vier kinderen : drie dochters en Mn zoon. De bibliotheek is in deze straat. De koffie is in een kopie, maar de melk is in een glas. Een kopie koffie of een glas melk?
Ga weg! scram! When the tone of command is to be softened and one of advice suggested, the pronoun u is used and -t is then added to the verb: komt u binnen! come in! m < m :II ~ ::t: m m m m z ~ c N c ~ i: "11 m ~ <: m Vocabulary achter a/ aller/ei deappe/ het appe/sap hetbier binnen de boekenp/ank deboterham boven hetca'fe daar dorst hebben duur echt eta'/age eten even gebruiken geen hetge/d goed'koop de hoek hongerhebben dejas dekast kijken naar k/aar behind already all kinds of apple cider beer inside bookshelf (open) sandwich above cafe there to be thirsty expensive really store window to eat a moment; just to use; to take no (not any) money cheap corner to be hungry coat closet; cupboard to look at ready hetk/ontje kosten /angzaam liever misschien mooi naast nodig hebben nu ont'moeten hetogenblik hetpaar eenpaar praten het schote/tje te detijd de tramhalte de tuin vee/ verstaan vinden wachten (op) zin lump to cost slow rather perhaps nice, pretty beside to need now to meet moment pair a few to talk saucer too time streetcar stop yard; garden much, a lot to understand to find, think; vindt u niet?
Two sons and three daughters, and the house is clean?! Yes, the mother has water and a box of soap ... ) Most of the pronouns have two forms. The first is the emphatic or stressed form, used regularly in writing, but used in speaking only for particular emphasis on the person. The second is the non-emphatic or unstressed form, the one used in speaking where the emphasis is usually not on the pronoun but on the accompanying verb. The non-emphatic forms are often used in less formal writing. The pronoun forms 'k, 't, je, ze, we are pronounced with the very short e-sound heard in unstressed syllables; the first two usually merge almost completely with the following word, as in English 'twas.
A Practical Grammar Introduction to Dutch by William Z. Shetter