By Cyrus Ernesto Zirakzadeh
Combining insights from historic research with the collective-action tuition of political sociology, Cyrus Zirakzadeh argues that there has been a calculative, instrumental size to the behaviour of the Basque innovative crew, ETA, that students too frequently forget. This paintings elaborates at the social and fiscal matters of participants of ETA and the Basque Nationalist get together, recounts debates inside ETA over the political effectiveness of armed fight, and discusses the impression of neighborhood social activities and nationalist and non-nationalist ideologies on etarras' (ETA participants) pondering.
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Extra resources for A Rebellious People: Basques, Protests, And Politics (The Basque Series)
But there is also evidence that the residents of Neguri seldom formally coordinate their public actions or systematically discuss politics, and that they in fact differ considerably in their political prejudices and economic priorities. At least until more systematic information is available, it remains an open question whether the leading families of Neguri provide a rare example of an organizationally cohesive "power elite," or whether political organization and political and economic consensus among the residents are much less developed.
Not all possible representatives of modern society became targets, however. Military and law-enforcement officers and government officials accounted for 76 percent of the fatalities. Owners of large businesses accounted for 71 percent of all kidnap victims. 22 Why the skewed selection of targets? The analyst of Basque political violence apparently needs to consider more factors than those put forward by the modernization interpretation. This does not mean that the modernization interpretation should be discarded.
8 It is, in short, a highly nostalgic ideology that can attract the socially displaced and easily reinforce their natural hostilities to modern, industrial society. Most scholars and journalists who write for English-speaking audiences also generally avoid attributing political violence in the Basque region to either economic grievances or concrete class interest. They usually note that the levels of economic production and of per capita consumption are measurably higher there than in other parts of Spain.
A Rebellious People: Basques, Protests, And Politics (The Basque Series) by Cyrus Ernesto Zirakzadeh