By John Warren
It is a re-creation of Elizabeth I: faith and international Affairs. This identify units the scene from 1541 charting the advancements of the Mid-Tudor main issue from Henry VIII to Mary I. It then is going directly to learn the succession of Elizabeth and her consolidation of energy, interpreting the political, spiritual, and army threats, either exterior and inner, to her rule. the issues in the course of her ultimate years also are explored, and this name concludes by way of taking a look at key issues and interpretations around the interval. during the booklet, key dates, phrases, and matters are highlighted, and historic interpretations of key debates are defined. precis diagrams are integrated to consolidate wisdom and figuring out of the period,
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Extra resources for Access to History. Elizabeth I Meeting the Challenge:England 1541-1603
If, on the other hand, Mary produced a son, that child would inherit England, the Netherlands and Franche-Comté. If Philip’s son by an earlier marriage were to die, then Mary’s son would also inherit Spain. No Spaniard was to be appointed to any English ofﬁce. Philip was to have the title of king, but none of the prerogatives or property Hugger-mugger Secretive. Key term The marriage with Philip II of Spain then led England into a war in the service of Spanish interests, which duly culminated in the loss of England’s ﬁnal outpost in France (Calais).
What, then, were Mary’s actions? • On her accession, prominent Protestants were deprived of their livings. Six bishops and the two Archbishops were dismissed from their posts (four for having married). • The Protestant church leaders, Cranmer, Hooper, Latimer and Ridley, were imprisoned. • Protestant printing presses were closed down and foreign Protestants ordered to leave the realm. • In October 1553, Mary’s ﬁrst Parliament repealed all the Edwardian religious legislation and restored the service in use at Henry VIII’s death.
The government had considered arranging a disputation (debate) between Catholic and Protestant clergy even before the Lords had mangled the Acts of Supremacy and Uniformity. Aggressive propositions attacked the authority of the Pope, the spiritual value of the Mass and the use of Latin in public worship. When the Catholic representatives withdrew in anger, Elizabeth took the opportunity to arrest two of the departing bishops on a charge of disobedience to her authority. This reduced Catholic numbers in the Lords, gave the government a greater chance to push through openly Protestant measures and showed the Catholic laity in the Upper House that the government was determined to override opposition.
Access to History. Elizabeth I Meeting the Challenge:England 1541-1603 by John Warren